Category Archives: IRS Talk

Understanding IRS Debt and Allowable Expenses

When an individual is facing IRS debt and is working to get it resolved, they’re often required to fill out a Collection Information Statement.   The Revenue Officer assigned to the case is allowed to (and often does) question any expenses that look fishy.   However, what expenses are considered allowable can sometimes perplex a taxpayer.

For example, the IRS sets very specific limits on what a household can claim as an expense.  These are often referred to as the National Standards.   However, IRS simultaneously explicitly prohibits the claiming of certain expenses for collection purposes, including expenses that are deductible or create tax credits on a tax return.  Many taxpayers are confused by this fact, and it’s just one of the numerous inconsistencies across the tax code.

When it comes to the dollar amounts which are considered allowable per the National Standards, many people are shocked at how low some of the numbers are.  Conversely, there are other people that are shocked at how large some of the numbers are.  Keep in mind that the IRS National Standards reflect the government’s calculation regarding a precisely middle class existence.  For example, the allowable housing expense will vary geographically, because housing is cheaper in some parts of the United States, and much, much more expensive in other parts.  However, the allowable expense for any area represents the median housing cost for that geographical area.

The National Standards for other expenses, such as public transportation and out of pocket health care costs, are the same for everybody nationwide, and are updated every couple years.  For food, clothing, and other miscellaneous expenses, the IRS allows a set amount based on the number of family members in the household.

Historically, the IRS has not allowed expenses for unsecured obligations, such as your minimum monthly credit card bills and student loan payments.  However, as part of the 2012 “Fresh Start” program, the IRS now gives collections personnel discretion on these items.  Your Revenue Officer may permit you to claim these items, and it is therefore better if you do so up front, and let them tell you later that you can’t.

Hopefully this gives you a little more insight into why some expenses are allowed and how they are calculated.  In the end, the most important fact is to ensure that  that you claim every allowable expense on your Form 433.  Doing so will ultimately minimize the amount you end up paying the IRS on your back tax liabilities.

How To Get IRS Currently Not Collectible Status

If you are facing IRS debt issues, a great tool for getting them momentarily off your back is a status known as Currently Not Collectible (CNC).   The IRS recognizes that you may be in a financial condition that renders you unable to pay anything on your taxes.  When we represent taxpayers that are either insolvent or are having major cash flow issues, the Currently Not Collectible Status is the option that we attempt to obtain most often.

If you have negligible assets (e.g. bank accounts, home, cars) that the IRS can seize, and you have no income beyond what is absolutely necessary for you to live, the IRS may determine that your liability is currently uncollectible.  CNC status defers collection action under the undue hardship rule.  If you are one of these uncollectible cases, the Revenue Officer assigned to your case will remove your case from active inventory until your financial condition improves.  CNC status is generally maintained for about one year. Keep in mind that if you are in CNC status, penalties and interest will continue to accrue on your tax liabilities.

There are many reasons the IRS may consider your case as uncollectible.  These include:

  1. The creation of undo hardship for you, leaving you unable to meet necessary living expenses
  2. The inability to locate any of your assets
  3. The inability to contact you
  4. You die with no significant estate left behind
  5. Bankruptcy or suspension of business activities with no remaining assets
  6. Special circumstances such as tax accounts of military personnel serving in a combat zone

Before closing your case for the reason of undue hardship, we can guarantee that the IRS will request a financial statement from you so that they can review your finances.  The review is similar to the review for an Installment Agreement request; both of which are similar to a mortgage application.  You will be required to provide financial documentation such as bank statements, copies of mortgage statements, car payments, pay stubs, etc.  If your assets are negligible and your net disposable income is negligible, you’ll most likely to be able to obtain CNC status.

The IRS will periodically re-examine your finances to see if your financial condition has improved to the point that some payment can be demanded.  This financial review will occur about once a year and you must then complete a new financial statement.  The IRS may question you by phone or in person about your updated financial information or they may simply send you the form and request that you return it by mail.

As with all information you give the IRS, make sure that what you say is absolutely truthful.  The IRS may also monitor your financial condition by computerized review of your tax returns.  For example, the IRS computers may flag your return if your reported gross income exceeds some pre-established amount.  Remember, the IRS only has 10 years from the date of assessment to collect delinquent taxes; once the statute expires, so does your liability.

Millions of Americans have remained in CNC for years and completely avoided having to pay their back taxes.  Obviously, these folks could not title assets in their own name or have significant income available for IRS levy.  Still, many of these uncollectible cases enjoyed relatively comfortable lifestyles.  If you maintain no assets in your own name, you have a small income, and expect your financial situation to continue as it currently stands, then remaining in CNC status may be your most practical remedy.

However, if you do not intend on remaining uncollectible until the statute of limitations expires or you don’t want the tax liability hanging over your head, then you may want to consider an Offer in Compromise while your financial situation isn’t so great.

Do YOU Need Help With Your IRS Debt?
This post (the one you’r reading) is one of the most viewed on our site.  Why?  Because many people have tax issues that they want to resolve.  If you have old tax returns that need to be filed or want to learn how a professional can help you with your situation, why not visit our sister site File Old Tax Returns?  You might be surprised to learn that we may be able to help you out for less than you are thinking.  Plus, hear some valuable information on your taxpayer rights from the IRS Commissioner himself!

Remove Wage Garnishments With The Help of The Taxpayer Advocate Service

wage-garnishment

The IRS is the only collections authority that can take significant actions that will make it hard for you to live.  One such situation is when they start to garnish your paychecks. A wage garnishment is one of the most-feared IRS collections tactics, and rightly so. Your employer is legally obligated to implement it.  If they don’t, they can face stiff penalties themselves.

The bright side in these situations is that an IRS wage garnishment does NOT follow you to another job. So, if you have a wage levy in place and decide to quit your job in order to get out of it, we would encourage you to seek employment to get back on your feet. The IRS won’t know where to send another wage levy to an employer until some sort of tax return information gets filed. For example, when your employer issues you a W-2 after the end of the year, they are required to file a copy of it with the IRS.  When this happens the IRS will then know where you work and may file a new wage levy at your new employer.

So, if an IRS wage levy or wage garnishment is creating a significant economic hardship for you, you are encouraged to do one of two things. One is to seek professional tax representation to assist you in resolving the matter. If your tax situation is fairly complex, you’re going to want to hire professional tax representation to resolve your situation. If your tax situation is otherwise simple, or you simply cannot afford to hire professional tax relief assistance, then by all means contact your Local Taxpayer Advocate.

There is a Local Taxpayer Advocate (LTA) office in all 50 states and very large cities will have a dedicated office (ex. Cleveland and Cincinnati OH). Contact these folks and tell them your situation; it’s their job to help out folks such as yourself, and it’s a service already paid for by your tax dollars (nice how that works, right?). The nice thing about the Taxpayer Advocate service is that they are an independent arm of the IRS, and they function OUTSIDE of the normal bureaucracy of that agency. In fact, the Taxpayer Advocate service reports directly to Congress, NOT to the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service.

If you’re seeking assistance from the LTA, you will most likely want to file the following form, which is IRS Form 911, Request for Taxpayer Advocate Assistance. Your LTA can provide you with this form.

So, again, don’t let an IRS wage garnishment make you think that you can’t go get a job. The wage levy from your previous job does NOT automatically follow you over. Also, either seek professional tax resolution assistance from a reputable firm, or contact your local Taxpayer Advocate office to get help.

As always, ignoring your IRS problem does NOT make it go away. It is always best to confront the problem head on, get it resolved, and then move on with your life.  If you would like us to help you with your situation, please give us a call at 773.239.8850.

Guaranteed Installment Agreements

Whenever you see tax resolution firms advertise, you’ll usually see a qualifier in their ad that says something to the effect of, “If you owe the IRS at least $10,000, then give us a call.” The reason for this is that if you owe the IRS less than $10,000, there is a provision in the tax code that REQUIRES them to accept your proposal to pay them in monthly installments if you meet certain requirements. In fact, you don’t even need to provide them with financial statements to qualify.

To qualify for a guaranteed installment agreement, you must:

  1. Owe only income tax, not any other types of tax.
  2. Have properly filed and paid all tax returns during the 5 years prior to accumulating the tax debt.
  3. Not be able to pay the tax immediately out of savings or other means.
  4. Pay the tax fully within 3 years (e.g., the payment plan cannot exceed 36 months).
  5. File and pay all tax returns on time during the period of the installment agreement.
  6. Not have had an active installment agreement during the past five years.
  7. Owe less than $10,000 in TAX, not including penalties and interest.

Another beautiful thing about guaranteed installment agreements is that the normal legal minimum monthly payment of $25 per month does not apply. Yes, you can actually offer payments of $10 per month, and as long as that will fully pay the debt within 36 months, they have to grant you the request!

Lastly, guaranteed installment agreements can be granted by the lowest level collections employees of the IRS without managerial approval. All you have to do is make one phone call to the Automated Collection System (ACS), wait on hold for an hour, talk to a human for 10 minutes, and you’re DONE.  If you’re not sure where to call, dial the number in the upper right hand corner of the notices you’ve been receiving and you’ll more than likely be connected to ACS.  If you don’t want to talk to anyone, you might be able to do it online.

Do keep in mind, however, that penalties and interest continue to accrue during these – and all other – Installment Agreements, although they are guaranteed by law. Because of this, you may decide it is in your best interest to fully pay any balances due as soon as you possibly can.

Appeals Division: Your Best Friend At The IRS (Possibly)

Last week we negotiated a client’s back taxes into an IRS status referred to as Currently Not Collectible (CNC).   The conversation went rather smoothly as we had all the necessary paperwork and we worked with a representative who was fairly amicable.   But what happens when your experience isn’t so pleasant or doesn’t go in your favor?  Fortunately for many people with a tax debt, the IRS has an administrative Appeals Division (Appeals) to which most collections actions taken by the agency can be appealed.

Appeals is one of the IRS’ best kept secrets.   Why?  In our experience, Appeals personnel appear to be under less pressure to collect tax revenue than Revenue Officers.   This is likely due to different criteria for personnel reviews.  In addition, Appeals personnel are simply more pleasant to deal with in general, usually lacking the snappy attitude and air of arrogance that is unfortunately common amongst Revenue Officers.

So what is the primary purpose of Appeals?  Well, their functional mandate from on high is, effectively, to prevent cases from going to court (thus saving the government the expense of litigation).  This is done by offering a “fresh look” at situations that have already had some interaction with the IRS at another level.  Appeals, however, is still an administrative function and is not a court in any way itself.

Appeals works in a very formulaic manner, just like any other IRS division.  When you file any sort of IRS appeal, you’ll receive a letter notifying you that your case has been assigned to a Settlement Officer (SO).  Sometimes, this first letter will include your hearing date but sometimes it won’t.

The initial contact from appeals via mail will usually include a request for financial documentation, if this information wasn’t already in your file when it was passed to Appeals from Collections.  If your Appeal in any way mentions a “resolution alternative” (such as an Installment Agreement, CNC, or Offer in Compromise) then you will be requested to provide the financial documentation necessary to reach that resolution alternative.

Many different types of Collection actions taken against you can be appealed.  Aggressive collections actions such as bank account levies and wage garnishments are commonly appealed, but so are proposed garnishment actions, and even denials of payment plans.  If the IRS takes any adverse action against you, make sure to carefully review the notices they send you, which will always explain your appeals rights.  If you need assistance protecting your legal right to an appeal, such an action by the IRS, be sure to contact a tax professional experienced in representing taxpayers with such tax issues.

Until next time…

Reducing IRS Penalties

Often times when someone owes taxes that they haven’t paid for a few years, they are surprised when they find out how much the IRS says they owe.   This is because the IRS inevitably tacks on several of the dozens of penalties they are allowed to charge.   However it’s the late filing, the late payment and the penalty for not making Federal Tax Deposits (when combined) that can add a whopping 65% to your total IRS bill.  The good news is that if your tax debt is more than two years old, you’ve maxed out all these penalties.

The IRS does actually have a compassionate side, and it’s typically found in the penalty abatement process.  It’s also noteworthy that penalty abatement applications can also be appealed if initially denied.  Thus, you can always get a second set of eyeballs on the issue if it initially doesn’t go your way.  The thing to keep in mind is that the IRS has very strict guidelines for granting penalty abatements, and these guidelines are referred to as “reasonable cause criteria.”  It should be noted up front that “we didn’t have the money” is NOT a reasonable cause criteria.  Why is this? Here is the IRS’ logic: when you made the money you should have either paid the taxes at that time (e.g. payroll taxes for a business) or saved the money until it was due (e.g. individual taxpayer who gets a 1099 the next year).

For example, if you are self-employed and receive a check, then you HAD the money, you simply didn’t give the IRS their chunk of it.  Same goes with payroll taxes, particularly trust fund taxes (money you withhold from employee paychecks for income tax and Medicare/Social Security).   If you had the expectation to pay some amount of wage, then you theoretically HAD the money sitting somewhere to pay that person, and should have withheld it and turned it over to the IRS.  If you couldn’t cover the taxes, you shouldn’t have had the employee and should have laid people off or cut back their hours.

There are ways to argue around this, and we have done so very successfully, but there has to be some other circumstance involved.  For example, you had the money to pay the tax, but paying the tax instead of something else would have created an “undue hardship.”  Examples could include a large medical expense that unpaid would have left a condition untreated, or a court ordered payment that would have resulted in other legal consequences, or a bill such as a large automobile repair which would have left you unable to work and resulted in job loss.  These arguments are difficult to make and require significantly more work than standard reasonable cause criteria applications, but they CAN be won.

The primary IRS penalty abatement reasonable cause criteria center on natural disasters, loss or destruction of vital business records, bad advice from the IRS or an accounting professional, criminal activity, medical issues, substance abuse problems, and other serious circumstances.  Thus, you are more likely to have your penalties abated if the circumstances fall into one of these areas:

  • Were any business records lost or destroyed?
  • Were there any circumstances that led to a substantial drop in collecting on accounts receivable?
  • Was there any transition in the business that lead to the failure to pay taxes?
  • Was there a death or serious illness that directly affected the business or personal wages?
  • Was there any embezzlement of funds, theft of valuable property, or identity theft?
  • Were there any alcohol or drug abuse issues that affected the business or wage earning capability?
  • Was there a natural disaster that impacted you or your business?
  • Did you rely on the advice of a CPA or IRS employee in making tax decisions?
  • Were there any circumstances that created substantial financial hardship, to the point where your business was close to going bankrupt?

The above questions cover all of the IRS reasonable cause criteria to one extent or another, so finding an answer to your personal or business situation that covers one or more of these questions is the key to a successful penalty abatement application.  If you are facing penalties related to back taxes and believe your situation falls into the above, give us a call at 773.239.8850 and we’d be happy to help you.

Until next time…

IRS Offer in Compromise Requirements

By now, you’ve undoubtedly heard the radio commercials: “Settle your tax debt for pennies on the dollar…”

What these ads are referencing is an IRS program called an Offer in Compromise or OIC.   This program does allow you to pay a reduced amount of money as full settlement of your entire tax liability, including penalties and interest.  However, it’s not as simple as the commercials make it sound.

Most of those commercials will make one think that you simply take your tax debt, multiply it by some percentage and then you just pay them that amount and walk away.  Unfortunately, that is not how it works.

Part of determining whether you are even eligible to apply for an OIC has to do with the formula used to decide how much you will need to pay.  The formula is somewhat complicated, but an overly simplified version of it looks something like this:

  • Add up the value of everything you own: House, cars, furniture, jewelry, undergarments, stocks, bonds, cash, retirement accounts, tools, goats, art….EVERYTHING.  Call this number “A” – it represents the value of your assets.
  • Subtract your allowable expenses (the IRS won’t let you claim all actual expenses) from your total income.  Call this number “B” – it represents yours remaining income (this is what the IRS calls it – not your disposable income, which is probably less).
  • Multiply “B” times either 12 or 24, depending on how long you’re going to take to pay off the Offer in Compromise.  Call this new number “C”.
  • A + C = Z, where Z is the amount of money you can settle your tax liability for.

Here’s the kicker: If “Z” is more than what you owe the IRS, then you’re not eligible for the program.  The result?  You’re probably going to end up paying monthly payments on an Installment Agreement.

In addition to this formula, there are some other conditions for OIC applicants:

  • You must file all missing tax returns.
  • You must keep your nose clean with the IRS for 5 full years, otherwise they will re-bill you for everything they forgave.
  • You must make the OIC payments on time.
  • You must pay an application fee, unless you meet the low income guidelines.
  • If you end up being owed a refund on next year’s tax return, the IRS is going to keep that refund money.

The real problem for most people with the Offer in Compromise application process has to do with the part where they multiply your remaining monthly income by 12 or 24.  If you have $1,000 per month left over, and are going to take a year to pay off the Offer in Compromise, then you multiply by 24 to get to $24,000.  Well, if you also have $20,000 equity in your home, and no other assets, then your Offer amount is $44,000.  If you owe the IRS $35,000, you’re not eligible for the Offer in Compromise program.

It’s worth noting that, in March 2012, the IRS changed some of the Offer in Compromise rules.  The single biggest thing they did was to REDUCE that multiplier — it used to be 48 or 60.  For taxpayers with no assets, this change effectively reduced the necessary offer amount by up to 75% — making potentially hundreds of thousands of people eligible for the program that didn’t used to be.

HOWEVER….the IRS can change this back at any time.  If you are even thinking about applying for an OIC do it now! Feel free to call our office at 773.239.8850 and we’d be happy to help you get started.

Federal Tax Lien Help

Occasionally someone will call our office freaking out about an IRS letter stating that a lien is being filed against them.  In this post, we’ll discuss what a lien is and isn’t and how to deal with it.

What does a lien actually mean/do?

When you owe back taxes to the IRS, they will generally file a tax lien notice against you.  Tax liens are a matter of public record and available for anyone to look up.  They are typically filed for any balance due that exceeds $10,000.  However, new tax liens are usually filed for less than that amount if you continue to pile on additional tax debt in the future.

So what exactly is a tax lien?  Basically, it’s a claim against your property.  A tax lien takes a higher priority over most other kinds of liens, and after 180 days jumps ahead of some lien types it doesn’t automatically supersede.  A Federal tax lien will not jump in front of a mortgage, or a local property tax lien, but it can jump ahead of just about everything else.

The important aspect of a Federal tax lien is that it covers ALL of your property.  For example, the mortgage on your house is usually only secured by the house itself.  But when it comes to a tax lien, it is actually “secured” by everything you own.  This means the clothes on your back, the money in your checking account, your retirement accounts and even your paycheck.  That’s right; a Federal tax lien provides the government with the ability to claim your paycheck.  That doesn’t mean they’re going to take it, it just means that they can.

A Federal tax lien also shows up on your credit report.  This can impact your credit score, and make it difficult to obtain employment, as many employers will use this information in their hiring decisions.

It is important to understand that a lien is NOT a levy.  A levy is an administrative order directing a 3rd party to physically hand over cash or property to the government that is covered by the lien. Thus, for 99% of people, a Federal tax lien is actually harmless, and has zero impact on their life or business.  Sometimes, however, the lien itself creates a bad situation.  In those cases, there are things that can be done with the lien that can help put you in a better position.

Lien Withdrawal

In extremely rare circumstances, it may be possible to obtain the complete removal of a Federal tax lien.  In order to achieve this, the taxpayer (or their hired professional) must demonstrate two things:

  • The lien is creating an undue economic hardship upon the taxpayer
  • Removing the lien will help facilitate collection of the tax debt

Basically, you have so show the IRS that the pure existence of the lien will cause a dramatic loss of income.  For a business, a lien may interrupt a factoring agreement or a line of credit, which is required for them to operate.  For a person, the existence of a lien might mean the loss of a security clearance, and therefore loss of a job.

Typically, if one can prove the first bullet, then they can often prove the second.  For example, if a business continues to operate, and you get to keep your job, then you both can make payments to the IRS, which is what is meant by “facilitate collection.”

Lien Subordination

Another tactic that one can sometimes take is to keep the IRS tax lien in place, but subordinate the government lien to some other lien.  When we do this, we essentially get the IRS to place themselves in second priority position, underneath somebody else.

The most common reason for doing this is to place the IRS lien secondary to a bank financing lien, such as a factoring agreement, line of credit, or an operating capital loan.  Many banks will cut off funding on a loan or line of credit if they are not in first position.  Thus, subordinating the tax lien keeps the bank happy by keeping their lien in first priority over the IRS.  This keeps you operating, and thereby “facilitates collection.”

Lien Discharge

It is not uncommon for somebody to have one particular asset that is worth a bit of money.  Sometimes selling that asset can bring in enough money to help pay down the tax debt, or selling the asset will eliminate the monthly payment on the asset, thereby allowing you to put that money towards the IRS bill each month.  See how this all keeps coming back to that “facilitating collection” point mentioned above?

Let’s say you own a vintage 1957 Chevy.  It’s worth $60,000 but you still owe $25,000 on it.  You’re currently making monthly payments of $500 toward the balance owed.  You obviously don’t want to sell this car, but it will make life a lot easier if you did, since you owe the IRS $100,000 and they are going to start taking your paycheck via wage garnishment if you don’t do something.

So, you decide to sell the Chevy.  The problem is that the IRS lien prevents you from selling it.  Not only does your loan company have a lien on the car, the IRS lien covers it, too.  Thus, we need to remove the IRS lien in order to sell the car.  The process of removing the IRS lien from this one piece of property is called a lien discharge, and you obtain a Certificate of Discharge releasing this one asset only from the lien.

With the Certificate of Discharge in hand, you can sell the car.  This in turn allows you to pay off the loan without the IRS making a stink about that $25K going to the bank.  Furthermore, you then you have $35K profit from the sale that you give to the IRS, plus free up $500 per month to pay the government.  This is not an ideal scenario for most people, giving up a beloved possession.  But it’s far better than the IRS seizing 70% of your paycheck every month.

Conclusion

By itself, an IRS tax lien itself really has no teeth.  It’s the things that come several months after the lien filing (e.g. a tax levy) that really cause trouble.  However if you have a tax lien, it’s probably best to deal with it using one of the options above.  Especially if the path to resolving the tax debt itself involves doing things with assets, banks, keeping financing open or preventing the loss of your job or business revenue.

The Truth About Settling Taxes for “Pennies On The Dollar”

Every year we here from taxpayers who have IRS debt and are looking for a solution.  Inevitably, they will also make a reference to the possibility of settling their debt for less than what they owe.  What usually follows is a conversation about what this actually means and how most people DON’T qualify for it.  Let us elaborate.

In advertising, you’ll hear companies talk about settling back taxes for 20%, 10%, or even less than the original balance.  What these ads, and the sales people whom you talk to on the phone, are trying to sell you is an Offer in Compromise service package.  This package is a reference to the IRS Offer in Compromise (OIC) program, which allows eligible tax debtors to pay the IRS an amount of money that is less than what they owe in order to wipe out their entire tax liability.

The phrase “pennies on the dollar” was actually determined several years ago by the IRS to be a form of deceptive advertising.  As a result, they explicitly instruct licensed practitioners that using this phrase is a violation of Circular 230, which is the handbook us practitioners must follow when working with the IRS.  However, since the IRS doesn’t always have jurisdiction over firms that just market these services, it comes into the FTC’s purview to look out for these deceptive marketing practices.

Some ads, web sites, and salesmen are out there trying to convince taxpayers that what you settle for is some fixed percentage of your tax debt.  However, this is blatantly incorrect. There is absolutely no provision in the tax code for allowing a taxpayer to pay a set percentage of their tax liability and just calling it good.  This has never existed, and most likely never will.

Instead, the amount of your OIC settlement is calculated using a very, very strict formula.  What’s even better is that this formula is NOT secret — it’s available on a worksheet in IRS publication 656B.

Based on this formula, if you have equity in assets that exceed your tax debt, you simply don’t qualify.  Period.  End of story.  For most individuals, the common thing is going to be equity in your house or rental properties, or perhaps equity in a collection of classic cars, stamps, coins, guns, art, etc.  If the value of ANY of that stuff is greater than your tax debt, you do not qualify for the OIC and cannot settle for “pennies on the dollar” – there is no way around this.

In the same vein, if you are a high income earner, it’s also highly unlikely you will qualify for the OIC.  The reason for this is that the IRS only allows certain amounts of money every month as “eligible expenses” for housing, cars, food, etc.  If your lifestyle exceeds these amounts, the IRS doesn’t care — they will only allow you to claim the National Standard expenses. Any monthly income over those amounts gets multiplied by either 48 or 60, and THAT number goes into your offer amount.

In these circumstances, you may qualify for a period of up to 12 months to make a “lifestyle adjustment” and reduce your living expenses to come into line with IRS standards. This will often involve selling luxury homes and getting rid of toys such as cars and boats.  Keep in mind that these items are all covered by your tax lien, so any proceeds from the sale of these items technically is owned by the IRS, and should be paid over to them. A good tax representative can assist you with structuring these sales so that both you and the IRS get something out of it.

In closing, beware of anybody promising that your tax debt can be settled for some fixed percentage.  That’s not the way it works and a skilled professional can show you if you stand a chance at qualifying for the OIC.  Anybody trying to sell you on the percentage idea might as well be selling you swampland in Florida, and you’ll be best served to seek assistance elsewhere.

Requirements of IRS Installment Agreements

It’s not uncommon for taxpayers who owe the IRS to start to panic when they are faced with a sizable balance.  However, there are options if you can’t pay your balance all at once.  In this post, we outlined how to deal with the situation.  In it, we also discussed the IRS monthly payment plan referred to as an “Installment Agreement” or “IA” for short.  In this post, we’ll discuss what you need to do in order to set up an IA.

installment-agreement

The actual process of setting up an IA is pretty straightforward.  The challenging part is making sure you are compliant and that you actually meet a number of basic requirements. We assist our clients in meeting these requirements, and then negotiate the actual payment amount after it’s determined that you are eligible.

So without further ado, here are the requirements one must meet to be eligible for a payment plan:

  1. File any missing tax returns or substitute for returns (SFRs).
  2. Begin making current estimated tax payments (for self-employed people) or Federal Tax Deposits (payroll tax payments for businesses), if applicable.
  3. Disclose specific financial information, such as income, expenses, and assets.
  4. Demonstrate that you cannot pay off the tax debt from savings, a loan, or other means.
  5. If you owe less than $10,000 in tax, be able to pay off the entire debt in 3 years or less.  If you owe $50,000 or less, you get 5 years.  If you owe more than $50k, there is no time limit.
  6. Not have defaulted on another IA in the past 5 years.

So as you can see, the requirements aren’t all that challenging.  However, the most difficult part of this process for self-employed and small business taxpayers is #2 — finding the money to begin making payments on their CURRENT tax obligations. This involves some painful elimination of expenses and changing of priorities that most people don’t like, but it’s necessary. Remember, the IRS is the  most powerful creditor that we have and they can really make a mess of your life if you don’t work with them.  Thus, it’s best to get them taken care of, even if that means damaging vendor relationships, not paying other bills, etc.

If you’re eligible, then obtaining a payment plan is actually pretty straightforward. But as mentioned above, getting into current compliance is a critical first and second step, and is the most difficult part for most taxpayers.

Until next time…